Arthritis

Arthritis is inflammation of the joints that causes pain and restricts movement. Arthritis is caused by the breakdown of cartilage that normally protects the joint facilitating smooth movement. Without cartilage bones rub together which creates inflammation, pain, and stiffness. There are a variety of different types of arthritis but some common causes are autoimmune disease, broken bones, age related wear and tear, and infection.

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Joint swelling
  • Reduced ability to move the joint
  • Redness of the skin
  • Stiffness

Treatment

  • Low-impact aerobic activity
  • Range of motion exercises for flexibility
  • Strength training for muscle tone
  • Avoid placing extra stress on your affected joints
  • Modify your home to make activities easier
  • Medications
  • Surgery