Osteoarthritis (Hip, Knee)

Osteoarthritis of the knee is the result of wearing down the cartilage and synovial membranes inside of the knee joint. In some cases, bone spurs in the knee can form inside the joint causing pain. Osteoarthritis can be caused by overuse, heredity, and injuries to the knee joint, or excess weight.

In the hip, a weightbearing joint, osteoarthritis can be caused by previous hip injury or fracture, genetics, congenital or developmental hip conditions, or avascular necrosis, the death of bone tissue that results from reduced or interrupted blood supply to the bone.

Symptoms

  • Aching pain deep in joint
  • Inflammation of joint
  • Stiffness in the joint
  • Crunching or grinding sound
  • Limited range of motion

Treatment

  • Rest and ice
  • Anti-inflammatory medication when necessary
  • Bracing
  • Arthroscopic surgery to remove damaged cartilage
  • Knee replacement surgery