Herniated Disc

A herniated or "slipped" disc is a common spine injury that occurs when the jelly-like substance inside the intravertebral discs is forced outward, either creating a bulge in the disc's membrane or leaking out through a tear in the membrane. The movement of the jelly-like substance places pressure on nearby nerves, which can cause pain and discomfort. There are two areas of the spine that can experience a herniated disc, the lumbar spine (lower back) and cervical spine (neck).

Causes

  • Trauma
  • Strain

Symptoms

  • Pain isolated to one side of the body
  • Pain that gets worse after standing or sitting
  • Numbness
  • Muscle weakness

Treatment

  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Medication
  • Lifestyle changes like diet and exercise
  • Physical therapy
  • Steroid injections
  • Laser Spine Surgery